I have a distant relative, who was brought to the city by the children and grandchildren twenty or thirty years ago. After returning, the villagers asked the old man almost ridiculously. Is the city unusual? He replied, nothing else, that is, the name of the elevator, really interesting: the door opened and closed, the outside tricks have changed.
For the most common montage scenes in everyday life, people in the city have long lost their feelings. However, such a vertical vertical lift is not a long history, although the ancient Roman engineer and writer Vitruvi clearly mentioned that Archimedes built his first lift in 236 BC, and the history thereafter. There are also a variety of cases of lifting buckets and cages.
The real development of the lift was during the industrial revolution, and it became more and more popular in order to mine coal mining and steam power. In 1852, American Elisha Otis invented a safety lift that would not fall down even if the line was broken. The modern elevator showed its rudimentary shape. As a facility that was gradually being built on a large scale in the mid-19th century, the lift made skyscrapers possible, changed the city skyline, and largely shaped the social psychology of modern urbanites.
City people need an elevator, as Kafka said, "A bird is looking for a cage." This utility is so strong that it lacks poetic objects, such as vertical submarines hidden in the building, carrying people in narrow spaces and sneaking through the reinforced concrete. This kind of cage evokes people's imagination. Initially it even needs a full-time driver to operate, and it is trying to decorate it outside. With the development of technology, transparent glass is added to reduce people's fear of it. There are many novels and movies with elevators as the background of the murder. It also appears in high frequency in various urban legends, and it reflects this psychological phenomenon. If we carefully observe the reaction of large dogs in the elevator, we can deeply understand At this point.
How to maintain etiquette in such spaces is a major proposition. Dickens once discovered that after the development of urban public transportation, people in the bus could not talk for so long. The elegant British gentleman then transformed the newspaper into a suitable size, effectively avoiding the eye contact and relative silence of the same car. In the elevator, this dilemma is magnified: the personal space is compressed to the point where only the foothold is left. Newspapers are naturally unable to perform in the meantime, but the mobile phone screen is now saving us.
Silence in the elevator is gold. If you are ready to speak, you will naturally be a blockbuster. When there are bosses, colleagues or customers around, in 20 or 30 seconds, you have to smile and nod your head, or open your mouth to use the wittic words to resolve the silence. This is a problem that is as embarrassing as the encounter in the men's toilet. Therefore, those trainers who are committed to successful learning have discovered this great business opportunity and invented the great concept of "elevator speech". They specially teach people how to speak in 20 or 30 seconds, in order to leave a deep impression on the leaders or customers. At least a pleasant impression.
As you can see, modern commercial civilizations have learned how to use such venues decently. For the social animals in Manhattan, the elevator is the conduit for entering and leaving the "world." On Twitter, someone specializes in posting (inventing) the conversations in the elevators of Goldman Sachs. These conversations are evil, strong, and straightforward ("If I could invest in poverty in the past, it would have risen 60% since 2001." "I can't figure out how I didn't have a BlackBerry when I was eating my dinner." Goldman Sachs smiled and moved from the elevator to their small kingdom.
The elevator is a theological metaphor. Andres Bernard, editor of the Süddeutsche Zeitung, wrote a book entitled "Elevation: The Cultural History of the Lift" to explore the elevator culture in European and American cities. He said that the shape of the elevator is very similar to the Catholic confession room. The intimate, slightly longer square lattice shape is the place where the secular people in the city carry out quick remorse and instant contemplation. In the era of the gods, God used the mechanical declination (deusexmachina); in the period of humanity, it was the eternal woman who played the role of elevator driver, leading people to rise to heaven; until now, when all this is going to charm, there is a common man Enjoy the next." Heaven and Hell are only in the first line. This concept is perfectly interpreted by the elevator in the Hong Kong film Infernal Affairs.
Having said that, the elevator - the elevator that can squeeze into various people, is also a symbol of democracy. In the elevator, people are anonymous, but have a short and intimate connection. If someone is blocking the elevator door and telling the leader to leave the ladder, then the action habits everyone will look at it. Living in a modern society, we can't stand the undisguised privilege, but we are accustomed to everyone's response at the touch of a button. Moreover, if there is a problem with the elevator, no one can be spared. In 1959 under the Cold War, Khrushchev visited the United States, lived in the Waldorf Astoria Hotel in New York, and was trapped in the elevator for half an hour with the US ambassador and hotel manager. Finally Khrushchev was asked to lift the elevator.
Therefore, the elevator is one of the best places to depict the spiritual outlook of people in modern cities. In the hit drama "Mad Men", this story of the Madison Avenue in New York in the 1960s, there is an elevator show in almost every episode. The editor of The Wall Street Journal also chatted with the screenwriter and executive producer Matthew Wiener. Wiener said that there are so many elevator scenes because the elevator room is a public space where private affairs can happen. The interlacing of characters can be sudden, the time and space and the tension are highly compressed, and it is easy to add a close-up expression to the soundtrack, and it is also particularly cost-effective. Elevator lift is a metaphor for the rise and fall of the character in the cause and the sense of existence. It carries our modern urban people simulation to fly into the clouds every day, fall into the abyss, and suddenly give birth to expectations, and suddenly make up their minds.
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