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Krupp Family A German Family

Jun 26, 2018

The film is a historical drama launched in the spring of 2009 by German Television 2nd (ZDF). It is divided into 3 parts and the total length is 270 minutes. The film depicts the history of the famous Krupp family’s struggle for centuries in a realistic way. The Krupp family established ThyssenKrupp AG, one of the top 500 companies in the world.

Krupp's name is derived from the family's surname like Thyssen, and the history of the Krupp family is so thick that it can be compiled into a book. As early as the 16th century AD, when Arendt Krupp began to engage in trade and business, after his death in 1624, his son Anton Krupp took over the family business, involving thirty in Europe as a whole. In the years of war (1618-1648), the Krupp family also participated in the manufacture of firearms for the first time.

    The rise of the first industrial revolution led to a rapid increase in the demand for steel products in European countries, and the development of the steel industry was strongly promoted. During this period, the Krupp family began to engage in steel manufacturing. In 1811, Friedrich Krupp (1787-1826) established the first steel foundry in German history in Essen, but the steelmaking business that Friedrich worked with was not going smoothly, so that other industries were stagnant and his life was also 39. When it is old, it ends early.

    In 1826, Alfred Krupp (1812-1887), only 14 years old, terminated his studies immediately after his father’s death and became the new helmsman of the family. Facing the gloomy prospects of the family, Alfred constantly improved his father’s steelmaking method. We maintain our business. In the middle of the 19th century, the German customs union's railway mileage was nearly 6,000 miles, but at that time, the splicing hubs of trains were easily deformed and derailed when they were running at high speeds on the rails. As a result, many steel mills were reluctant to accept orders from the hub. In this context, Alfred added his father's knife and fork handle printing process to the casting of the wheel hub, and finally invented seamless railroad wheels in 1851. The seamless train wheels also allowed Krupp to live without a break. The significance of the invention is so great that the Krupp family's symbol is the three rings that symbolize seamless train wheels. Since then, Krupp has further expanded its business scale through the export of railroads to the United States. In terms of the military, Alfred had made a Houdeng cannon. He had already surpassed the former mortar in terms of speed and accuracy. This weapon later earned him the nickname "King of the Cannon". However, German officers apparently did not realize this early. It was only after William I became the regent of Prussia in 1859 that Krupp became the main munitions manufacturer in Prussia. After this, the Prussian army defeated Austria and France with Krupp's more advanced weapons, clearing the obstacles to the road of reunification. The reunification of Germany triggered the first international arms race. At the same time, it also produced a perfect advertisement for Krupp. Alfred will use it to sell continuously improved artillery pieces and reinforced armored steel plates throughout the world. More than half are for export. At the same time, Krupp continued to expand its industrial empire and, in the European context, acquired minerals and dockyards, and became the largest company in Europe. At the same time as capital expansion, Alfred created the employee welfare system in the advanced era. Once employees pledged allegiance to Krupp, Krupp will provide them with housing, medical and pension benefits, and also perfected schools, parks, and department stores. Public baths and entertainment venues. When an employee accidentally dies or loses the ability to work, his family can receive sufficient living protection from Krupp, and the Krupp family has in fact changed Essen into a state of the country. In 1870, Alfred began construction of the Hügel estate at the Krupp family base in Essen, overlooking a river in the Ruhr. Several generations later, the Kyberians created the palace-like structure.

From the sale of Alfred Krupp's first weapons to Kaiser Wilhelm, the fate of this family has been doomed. Alfred wants to make cannons. William wants to buy cannons. This is a money marriage. In a letter Alfred wrote to William Wilhelm, he said: I see my company as a "factory of a country." In other words, Krupp has gone beyond the company and fully integrates with the interests of the country. Since then, Krupp has been known for his nationalist ambitions.

    After World War I, the Allied countries removed some of Krupp's factories, and Gustav Krupp, who was in charge of the Krupp family, was also declared a war criminal. It was this way that the seeds of bloody shame and the restoration of the glory of the Krupp family were deeply buried in the then young Gustav’s son Alfred Krupp (Old Alfred K. In the heart of his great-grandson's son, he later led the company to become the cornerstone of the development of German militarism.

    In 1930, Alfred Krupp joined the German Nazi Party and became a member of the SS the following year. In October 1936, Krupp, 29, was appointed to reform armaments. In 1939, he succeeded his father (Gustav) in the power of the Krupp Empire. The era of Alfred Krupp began.

    During the entire World War II, Krupp produced a large number of artillery, tanks, armor, U-boats, some ships, and special steel for the manufacture of other weapons. By 1943, the direct or indirect employment of the Krupp Empire had reached 200,000. However, in the war, Krupp’s factory suffered serious air strikes, and after the end of World War II, the Cold War between the United States and the Soviet Union began. Britain wanted to rearm Germany, and the Krupp Empire was able to escape the trial of war and become a beneficiary of "real politics." In 1951, Alfred Krupp was released after being in prison for less than four years. After returning to Essen, he began to restructure his family.

In less than 10 years, the Krupp Empire re-emerged. By the early 1960s, his employees had reached 110,000 with an annual turnover of 1.5 billion U.S. dollars, ranking among the top ten European companies. His business scope includes shipbuilding, complete sets of equipment, bridge construction, chemical engineering, textiles, plastics, and water treatment. , oil refining and nuclear reactors.

    However, the revival of the Krupp Empire was also a hidden crisis. By the mid-1960s, the Krupp Group had owed about 1 billion U.S. dollars in debt. The only way to survive was to reorganize the family's privatized company into a joint-stock company. This is the most hated thing for the chiefs of Krupp in the past, and it is also one of the reasons why his family can continue for centuries. In 1967, Krupp was reorganized into a company limited by shares. The company’s chairman and CEO are no longer the Krupp family.

    By the 1980s, Krupp had split all its operating activities and reorganized it into a holding company. In 1993, Krupp became a listed company again. In 1997, Krupp tried to acquire its biggest competitor, Thyssen, but was forced to temporarily give up because of workers’ protests. However, Thyssen agreed to merge part of the steel business. In the end, in 1999, Krupp and Thyssen announced a full merger to form ThyssenKrupp AG. At the same time, it also became one of the largest steel manufacturing companies in the world. With the same profound background, the two companies can continue to carry forward the fine traditions inherited from the company after their merger.

    Looking at the family history of Krupp for hundreds of years, from the early dilapidated business to the rise from the ruins after the two World Wars, reflects the German people's persevering national character from a family perspective. The relationship developed between Krupp and his employees is like the dedication of a king and his loyal subjects, which in turn reveals the establishment of national policies by political giants such as Bismarck and Hitler. From the seamless train hub to the rear cannon to the U-boat, Krupp maintained the vitality of the company in the unremitting creation. These creations bring miracles and disasters to human history, but also allow people to remember The name of the German family.

This article label: ThyssenKrupp Elevator