Installation conditions and technical requirements for sightseeing elevators
Meteorological conditions and outdoor sightseeing elevator
The sightseeing elevator can be installed inside or outside the new building, or it can be implemented as an engineering project for the renovation of existing buildings. It is worth noting that the sightseeing elevators installed outside the building must meet special conditions to withstand the adverse effects of meteorological conditions at the installation site on the elevator equipment.
Icing and frost pose a great threat to the operation of the general-purpose outdoor sightseeing ladder. Insiders suggest that outdoor sightseeing elevators are not suitable for places where icing and frost occur frequently. In places where icing and frost do not occur frequently, outdoor icy ladders should be discontinued in the event of ice and frost. Gale weather may be the second reason people have to reduce the speed of outdoor sightseeing ladders or stop elevators. Places where wind is often blown are not suitable for outdoor sightseeing ladders unless the elevator shaft is located completely outside the building. Therefore, in this case, it is very important to install an indoor elevator in the building so that the indoor elevator can ensure that the vertical transportation is not interrupted when the weather conditions are not conducive to the operation of the outdoor elevator.
Moderate rainfall and hot weather do not pose a hazard to well-designed, well-installed outdoor ladders, but the natural causes of seasonal dust and sand-sanding weather may cause suitable equipment to wear out and increase maintenance costs, which is also in determining the building. One of the issues that must be considered before installing an outdoor elevator. All elevator parts exposed to the open air should be properly treated and protected.
Technical characteristics of the sightseeing elevator
The sightseeing elevator can be driven by traction or hydraulically, the choice of which depends to a large extent on the lift height of the elevator and the hoistway conditions of the building. Since the sightseeing elevator has high requirements on the running quality, variable frequency speed regulation or hydraulic driving is usually adopted. Sightseeing elevators generally do not require high operating speeds, as passengers generally wish to stay in the car for a while to view the scenery outside the car. The speed of the sightseeing elevator is suitable for speeds lower than that of similar objects, as long as the vertical traffic in the building is not affected because the speed is too slow. Car The car area of the sightseeing elevator consists of two parts, the passenger area and the viewing area. The passenger area is adjacent to the elevator car door, which is usually located at the rear of the car. It is worth noting that the ratio of the area of the viewing area to the passenger area must be appropriate. The area ratio will increase the difficulty of the car balance, and the passengers enter the car due to the limited width of the car in the passenger area.
The novelty of a sightseeing elevator is the use of a transparent viewing wall in the car viewing area. Before designing a sightseeing elevator car, the designer should consult the relevant building codes to understand the specifications for the use of glass materials in elevator cars and shafts. Transparent viewing walls shall not be used as load-bearing or structural components during design and installation. The frame around the transparent viewing wall should be sufficient to withstand all levels of force, including the forces that elevator passengers may generate, without distortion that affects safety performance.
The car top and the car floor cover must be strong and strong, but they must be lightweight and easy to replace. It should be designed so that the exterior surface of the car is not damaged by repair work, oil stains or excessive lubricant.
Exposed parts and parts
The exposed surface of the elevator hall door and its accessories and the visible portions of the exterior of the car should have a smooth, durable, corrosion-resistant and easy-to-clean surface. Corrosion-resistant steel or enamel materials are generally used for the surface of the material.
It is possible to provide elevator car maintenance personnel with safe car top operation and driving conditions so that they can perform daily equipment maintenance and inspection on the car roof. Daily equipment maintenance includes cleaning of all public visible parts and components in the hoistway, such as hall doors and door frame attachments. The car of the sightseeing elevator usually does not have a car top emergency exit. The pit and the bottom layer are protected at the lowest level of the elevator. The space below the hoistway should be isolated so that the elevator maintenance personnel can safely access the parts outside the car floor, perform routine maintenance and cleaning, and replace the car exterior lighting. Wait. The most important thing is that the hoistway (pit) wall must be set to prevent passengers or pedestrians from entering it. The usual practice is to provide a transparent curtain wall that is coordinated with the elevator equipment decoration at the bottom of the hoistway, which is part of the elevator civil work.
Tags: Sightseeing Elevator Installation Conditions Technical Requirements